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Message de dana98 posté le 19-04-2016 à 14:58:57 (S | E | F)
Pourriez-vous lire mon oral et me corriger
Merci d'avance pour vos réponses.
In politics and social science, power is the ability to influence people’s behaviour. In order to live togther members of a community accept rules, regulations, laws. This helps to create social cohesion but can also lead to conglicts and tensions. Even when authority seems absolute, there are always counter-powers which question it, aim at limiting its excesses and resist it.How can we struggle against are gime like apartheid ?
To illustrate this notion, I have chosen three documents.
The first document I have chosen is a web article about Apartheid definition. In 1948, the National Party (=African Europeans party) came to power in South Africa and the policy of Apartheid was adopted. Apartheid is a system which doesn’t give the same rights to Whites (=Afrikaners or African Europeans) & Blacks (=Native Africans). It was born in the XVIIth century when Dutchs (=people from the Netherlands) settled(=s’installer) in S. A., they wanted to appropriate lands that’s why they reduced Native Africans to slavery. However, in the XIXth century, the law said that everybody had same rights, regard less of the race or religion. But it’s just in theory because no Native Africans could reach (=accéder) to the government. For example, in 1913, hundreds of thousands of Africans were forced to leave their lands due to the Natives Land Act voted by Africans European which forbade Afircans to live in « reserves ». In 1912, the African National Congress (ANC= the Nelson Mandela’s party) was created. It fought for the Black cause. But in 1936, Blacks lost the right tovote, that’s why, in 1948, the National Party won the election.
The roots of apartheid aged of the XVIIth century, when Europeans wanted tocolonize Africa. That’s why, we called the National Party, a conservative andtraditional party. Racism is an old ans hypocrytical ideology which affirms« Whites are better than Blacks », but it’s not true. It’s justinvention of White people to appropriate lands like the Afrikaners in S. A.
The second document I have chosen is a web article about Steve Biko and the Black Conciusness. The Black Consciouness Movement (BCM) was formed in the 1960s by Steve Biko. It was non-violent organisation which claimed (=proclamer) racial equality in S. A. as ANC. They organised non-violent protests to denounce segregation. For example on 16 june 1976, the peaceful protest made by students in SOuth WEst TOwnship turned into a riot.The army shot on teenagers & causing hundreds of dead. On 12 september1977, S.B. was tortured during 22 hours & he died from a brainhemorrhage (=hémorragie cérébrale) caused by the police, at Port Elizabeth.However, they said that his head inury was result of an attempted suicide(=tentative de suicide) by S. B. He was only 30 years old.
It was a movement inspired by Mathatma Gandhi in India. It tried to attract theattention of international media and to force the governement to giveup/abandon the oppression.
The third document is a movie called “Cry freedom” by Richard Attenborough. In the extracts of the film, we can see that S. B. succeeded in interesting awhite journalist named Donald Woods. He shows to him the Blacks’ livingconditions decreed by the Apartheid. D. W. is very surprised by thesediscoveries.
They didn’t have work permit, that’s why they couldn’t be high level they didn’t have residence permit sot hey lived in townships ; they had acurfew sot hey couldn’t have access to the culture ; they couldn’t visitthe same place as Whites like hospitals, bars, schools.
To conclude the first document has for link with the notion because Europeans used the power of persuasion and dissuasion to submit Africans. For example, they voted laws to control them. However, there were rebels as the ANC and the Black Consciouness Movement (BCM) to protest against the oppression.
The second document has for link with the notion because the BCM chose to use the power of non-violente mobilisation to discredit the unfair government of Apartheid which used violence like in the massacres in 1960 and 1976 when the police killed people and murdered S. B. in jail. The violence is the way of people who have something to reproach themselves, because they can’t answer it’s not rue, they try to reduce to silence the protesting voices. That’s why the BCM were prohibited/forbidden.
The third document has for link with the notion because we can se how the government used the laws to contrôl NativeAfricans. Finaly D. W. becomes the friend of S. B. and after his friend’sdeath, the fight for Black Africans.He is the first to denounceApartheid in the front of the Orgainsationof Nations United (ONU). The powerof friendship is also important. D. W. is ready to risk his life for a causewhich doesn’t consern him directly because he has empathy for Black and hisfriend. S. B. couldn’t do anything if he didn’t have many people with him. It’sthe power of crowd.
Modifié par lucile83 le 19-04-2016 16:35
Réponse: Oral/Places and forms of power de laure95, postée le 20-04-2016 à 18:26:16 (S | E)
- How can we struggle against are gime like apartheid ?: ?
Annonce des différents documents avant de développer chacun.
- the law said: une loi ne dit pas.
- that everybody had (article)same rights, regard (forme du verbe)less of the race or religion.
- But it’s just in theory because no Native Africans could reach (=accéder) to (pas de TO)the government.
- The roots of apartheid aged of the XVIIth century: mal dit.
- It’s just (article)invention of White people to appropriate lands like the Afrikaners in S. A.
- It was (ARTICLE) non-violent organisation which claimed (=proclamer) racial equality in S. A. as ANC.
- The army shot on teenagers & (enlever and) causing hundreds of dead: mal dit.
-. On 12 september1977, S.B. was tortured during (pas le bon mot) 22 hours
- He shows to (for) him the Blacks’ livingconditions decreed by the Apartheid.
- conclusion beaucoup trop longue.
-the first document has for link with the notion: mal dit.
- The second document has for link with the notion.
- The violence is the way of (pas de OF) people who have something to reproach themselves,
-The third document has for link with the notion
- Finaly: orthographe.
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